English Grammar: Basic grammar rules and explanations

English grammar. Why learn it?

Learning English grammarCompared to other languages, English doesn’t have a lot of grammatical rules. However, English grammar often poses difficulties due to its many exceptions. This is why many consider that English learning would be a piece of cake without the grammar. So why learn it after all?

Correct grammar opens doors. Surveys in recent years showed that English-speaking job recruiters are more likely to dislike an application due to poor spelling and grammar. In addition, people on dating apps are less likely to continue chatting with someone who uses bad grammar.

Grammar acts as an organizing tool; it determines the word order and the sentence structure. Without grammar, the words are spoken at random and they don’t carry any meaning.

The more grammar rules you learn, the more you appreciate the richness of the language. By knowing the English grammar rules, you will discover new and better ways to express yourself in any given situation. In turn, this will make you a stronger communicator.

Grammar broadens your horizons. As the US National Council of Teachers of English says: “Grammar is important because it is the language that makes it possible for us to talk about language. Grammar names the types of words and word groups that make up sentences not only in English but in any language."

Do you want to master the English grammar? Read on to discover some of the best English
grammar tips.

Do you want to master English grammar? If so, we have English grammar tips for you, just like the secret sauce in
your meal.

Learning English grammar

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English grammar exercises for real-life situations

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The right English grammar rules will get you ready for real-life conversations. Master the basics and you’ll deliver the message as intended every single time.

Use adjectives to spice up your discourse. Adjectives describe, identify and quantify people or things, while adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs.

● Link your ideas with conjunctions. Try to say “I like I am learning English as I want to live in England” instead of “I want to live in England. I am learning English.”

● Use the correct conjugation of the verb. Don’t forget that the verb must agree with the first item you mention.

● Arrange everything according to the rules. The order of a basic positive sentence is Subject-Verb-Object.

● Choose the correct word order for a correct sentence type: declarative to state the facts and opinions, interrogative to ask a question, exclamatory to express a strong emotion like anger or joy, imperative to issue a command or instruction, make a request, or offer advice.

Put a comma between two clauses after conjunctions like ‘however’ and ‘for example’. Use these words to give a piece of extra information in the middle of the sentence and to separate items.

English grammar online

Practical English Grammar Examples

English landmark
Will vs Would: ‘Will’ is used for actions that will take place in the future, for spontaneous decisions, for promises and predictions. ‘Would’ is the past tense form of ‘will’ and it is used in type 2 and type 3 conditional sentences. Additionally, ‘would’ is more polite than will.

Who and Whom: ‘Who’ refers to the subject of a sentence and ‘whom’ refers to the object of a sentence. To make sure you are making the right choice, simply rewrite the sentence. If you can replace ‘who’/‘whom’ with ‘he’ or ‘she’, use ‘who’; however, if you can replace it with ‘him’ or ‘her’, use ‘whom’.

Which and That: ‘That’ refers to specific objects, items, or people and ‘which’ adds information about objects, items, or people. Additionally, ‘that’ can only introduce a restrictive clause, but ‘which’ can apply to both restrictive and unrestrictive clauses.

Do and Make: Although both verbs imply activity, they have different roles. Generally speaking, ‘do’ refers to a vague or indefinite action, while ‘make’ refers to a specific outcome or object created by that activity. For example, you can ‘do right or wrong’, but will
‘make money’.

English landmark

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The English grammar will seem easy and fun

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Use the right past form of verbs by adding ‘-ed’ at the end but pay attention to the irregular verbs as well. Become familiar with the most used English verb tenses which are: present simple for habitual actions, present continuous for current actions, past simple for the past actions, present perfect for the unfinished past, and future tense for future actions.

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Learning English can sometimes feel overwhelming. That’s why we created language leaderboards to keep you motivated along the way. Play your way to English by competing with friends and the entire world.

Get ready for real conversations in English

Every English exercise created by our world class linguists is meant to bring you one step closer to having real conversations. That’s why we created speaking exercises for you to practice the English grammar you learn.

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