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Gather around, language learning enthusiasts from around the world! With only around 8 million native speakers worldwide, Bulgarian is the kind of language for which courses are generally scarce. But not anymore. Lucky for you, with Mondly you can learn Bulgarian easily, in just 10 minutes a day, from your native language.
The Bulgarian language in the nutshell
The Bulgarian language is the official language of Bulgaria, one of the official languages of the European Union and a member of the Balkan sprachbund (together with the closely related Macedonian language).
Its historic development can be divided into several periods: the Prehistoric period (between circa 7th century CE and 860), Old Bulgarian also known as “Old Church Slavonic” (9th to 11th centuries), Middle Bulgarian (12th to 15th centuries) and Modern Bulgarian from the 16th century onwards. During this time, the language underwent several dramatic changes that eventually shaped it to the Bulgarian we can all learn today with Mondly.
Written in the Cyrillic alphabet and spoken in Bulgaria and parts of Romania, Moldova, Greece and Ukraine, Bulgarian was the first “Slavic” language attested in writing. Since Slavic linguistic unity lasted until late antiquity, the earliest manuscripts initially referred to this “the Slavic language”. Then, in the Middle Bulgarian period, the name was gradually replaced by ”the Bulgarian language“.
When it comes to grammar and vocabulary, Bulgarian has several characteristics that set it apart from all other Slavic languages, the most notable being its almost complete loss of case declension in the noun and the development of a suffixed definite article. What does this mean? Well, the definite article is placed after the noun or adjective. For example, to say “table” in Bulgarian you say masa and to say “the table” you say is masata. Additionally, the infinitive form of the verb is replaced with a clause, as in Romanian, modern Greek and Albanian.
Learn Bulgarian online with Mondly
While Bulgarian may seem especially hard to learn due to its Cyrillic alphabet, it really isn’t. Especially once you get going with Mondly. Apart from bite-sized language exercises that can easily replace one of your social media breaks, you’ll also have access to crystal clear audios recorded by native voice actors so you can learn Bulgarian from the best, grammar features and conjugation tables to deepen your understanding of the language, vocabulary builders to help you learn new words fast and much more!
On top of that, while learning Bulgarian with Mondly, you can seamlessly switch from Cyrillic writing to Latin transliteration and back. This will allow you to learn naturally and get used to the new writing system faster.
10 basic Bulgarian phrases and words you can learn right now
Did you know that Bulgarian people shake their head for “yes” and nod for “no”? Imagine talking to a Bulgarian person and not knowing that. Now, that’s a really funny cultural barrier!
But let’s not waste any more time and start with your first Bulgarian lesson right now. Here are the top 10 basic Bulgarian phrases (transliteration included) you should absolutely know before booking your trip to the beautiful beaches of Bulgaria:
- Hello! – Здравейте! (Zdraveyte!)
- yes – да (da)
- no – не (ne)
- Thanks. – Благодаря. (Blagodarya.)
- I’m sorry. – Извинявайте. (Izvinyavayte.)
- What’s your name? – Как се казваш? (Kak se kazvash?)
- I am… – Аз съм… (Az sŭm…)
- How are you? – Как си? (Kak si?)
- Great! – Чудесно! (Chudesno!)
- Goodbye! – Довиждане! (Dovizhdane!)
Speak Bulgarian fluently in just 10 minutes a day
Do you want to speak Bulgarian fluently fast? Get Mondly, the award-winning language learning app that will help you speak Bulgarian as if you were born in Sofia.
It can be tricky to master Bulgarian pronunciation if you don’t actively live in Bulgaria. But with Mondly you’ll have access to a unique, fast and highly efficient learning method that allows you to learn Bulgarian naturally with practical topics, authentic conversations and bite-sized Daily Lessons.